Certification Quarantine and phytosanitary control Glossary - phytosanitary terms

Definitions and abbreviations of phytosanitary terms



Official non-visual inspection for the purpose of detecting or identifying pests [FAO, 1990]

Pest Risk Analysis

The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine whether a pest needs to be regulated and the severity of phytosanitary measures against it [FAO, 1990; revised, IPPC, 1997]


Pest risk analysis [FAO, 1995]

Identification (of a pest)

Identification of a pest during inspection or analysis of an imported consignment [FAO; 1990; revised, CEFM, 1996]


A quantity of plants, plant products and/or other materials moving from one country to another and accompanied (if necessary) by a single phytosanitary certificate (a consignment may consist of one or more commodities or lots) [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; revised by ICPM, 2001]


A commodity category denoting roundwood, sawnwood, wood chips or dunnage, with or without bark [FAO, 1990; revised by ICPM, 2001]

Wood free from bark

Wood with all bark removed except cambium, ingrown bark around knots and bark depressions between annual growth rings [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

Wood packaging materials

Wood or wood products (excluding paper products) used to support, protect or package a product (including stowage timber) [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

Infection (of goods)

The presence in the product of a living organism that is harmful to a plant or plant product. Infection also includes infection. [KEFM, 1997; revised by CEPM, 1999]

Chamber drying

A process in which wood is dried indoors using heat and/or humidity control to achieve the required water content [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

quarantine pest

A pest of potential economic importance in an endangered area where it is not yet present or present but of limited distribution and is under official control [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1997]


Wood intended to protect or fasten a product, but does not remain associated with the product itself [FAO, 1990; revised ISPM No. 15, 2002]


An internationally recognized official seal or brand on a regulated article certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

raw wood

Wood not processed or treated [ISPM No. 15, 2002]


National Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1995; VCFM, 2001]


An officially approved procedure for the destruction, inactivation or removal of pests, or for their sterilization or devitalization [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; ISPM No. 15, 2002]


Removal of bark from roundwood (barking does not necessarily mean that the wood is bark-free) [FAO, 1990]


Established, authorized or operated by the National Plant Protection Organization [FAO, 1990]

recycled wood material

A product composed of wood using glue, heat, pressure, or a combination of these methods [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

regulated material

Any plant, plant product, storage area, packaging, vehicle, container, soil and any other organism, object or material capable of hosting or spreading pests for which phytosanitary measures are required, especially where when it comes to international transport [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1997]

herbal products

Unprocessed plant material (including grain) and processed products that, by their nature or the way they are processed, may pose a risk for the introduction and spread of pests [FAO, 1990; revised IPPC, 1997]

Free from (about the cargo, field or place of production)

Free from pests (or a specific pest) in amounts that can be detected using phytosanitary procedures [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; CEFM, 1999]


An official document characterizing the phytosanitary condition of a consignment subject to phytosanitary regulations [FAO, 1990]

Heat treatment

The process by which a commodity is heated to a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time in accordance with an officially recognized technical specification [ISPM No. 15, 2002]


Type of plant, plant product, or other object moved for trade or other purposes [FAO, 1990; revised by ICPM, 2001]

Phytosanitary measure(accepted interpretation)

Legislation, regulation or official procedure to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests, or to limit economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests [FAO, 1995, revised by IPPC, 1997; VKS, 2001]
The accepted interpretation of the term phytosanitary measure takes into account the existing relationship between phytosanitary measures and regulated non-quarantine pests. This connection is not sufficiently reflected in the definition given in the articleIIIPPC (1997)

Phytosanitary procedure

A formally prescribed method of applying phytosanitary regulations, including the conduct of inspection, analysis, surveillance or treatments of regulated pests [FAO, 1990; revised, FAO; 1995; KEFM, 1999; VCFM, 2001]

Phytosanitary regulation

An official rule to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests or limit economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests, in particular the establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certification [FAO, 1990; revised, FAO; 1995; KEFM, 1999; VCFM, 2001]

Phytosanitary action

An official operation, such as inspection, analysis, surveillance or processing, undertaken to implement phytosanitary regulations or procedures [ICPM, 2001)


Treatment with a chemical that reaches the commodity entirely or mostly in the gaseous state [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995)

Chemical pressure impregnation

Treatment of wood with chemical preservatives under pressure in accordance with the official technical specification [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

emergency measure

A phytosanitary measure established on an emergency (emergency) basis in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation. An emergency measure may or may not be a temporary measure [HCFM, 2001, HCFM, 2005].

emergency action

Urgent phytosanitary action taken in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation [ICPM, 2001]